Male or Female?
Details of soft tissues and pelvic shapes helped reveal the sex of many specimens—although one mummy lacks its arms and entire torso! (Priests likely re-wrapped the remaining body parts after tomb robbers damaged the original mummy.)
Age & Health
Dental and skeletal imaging also helped scientists approximate the age of individuals and identify health issues that may have plagued them in life. For example, unfused bones and the eruption pattern of the teeth revealed one Egyptian mummy to be that of a teenage boy, buried inside a too-big coffin apparently intended for his use as an adult.
Scans of a Peruvian bundle burial revealed another surprise: two skeletons—a newborn along with a woman and who may have died during childbirth.
Imaging of Egyptian mummies also exposed the tools of the embalmers’ trade: resins, pads, and other materials that aided in the mummification process—and helped maintain a mummy’s facial features so the spirit would recognize and reunite with the body after death.